mittens là gì

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Saami mittens

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TypeHand protection

A mitten is a type of glove that covers the hand but does not have separate finger openings or sheaths. Generally, mittens still separate the thumb from the other four fingers. They have different colours and designs. Mittens provide greater thermal insulation phàn nàn gloves as they have a smaller surface area exposed đồ sộ the cold,[1] but have a trade-off in dexterity.

Mittens are associated with cold weather, children's clothing, comfort and various occupational uses. In the English-speaking world, they also have a cultural association with domestic cats, as in the "Three Little Kittens".

Mittens are a common sight on ski slopes, as they not only provide extra warmth but extra protection from injury.[2] They are also recommended as part of extreme cold weather clothing. Oven mitts are worn in the kitchen đồ sộ protect the hands from hot objects.[3]: 197 


Humans have likely used mittens for millennia, but wool and other materials used đồ sộ construct clothing biodegrade quickly, which limits the amount of extant relics. From Ancient Egypt several depictions of mittens survive,[4] and some gloves found at Egyptian pyramids have been described as resembling mittens, with the collection of egyptologist Robert Hay supposedly having contained a "linen sleeve and mitten in one piece."[5]: 18 

Some of the earliest clearly identifiable mittens date đồ sộ around 1000 A.D. in Latvia,[6] and mittens continue đồ sộ be part of Latvian national costume today.[7][8] Another example is a specimen found during the excavations of the early medieval trading town of Dorestad in the Netherlands: In the harbour area a mitten of wool was discovered dating from the 8th or early 9th century.[9] Two left-handed leather mittens found on the Mary Rose are believed đồ sộ have been used for falconry, whereas in modern times gloves or gauntlets are used for this purpose.[10] From Elizabethan times, embroidered "gauntlet mittens" survive which were made from crimson silk velvet, satin and sequins, with the thread and floss dyed in twelve different colours.[11]

When knitting became more popular in England in the 16th century, mittens were produced at trang chủ from wool. One of the earliest known mittens for children survives from this period.[12] The is a size of circular knitting, and modern knitters often use a circular needle.

Many people around the Arctic Circle have used mittens, including other Baltic peoples, Native Americans[13] and Vikings.[14]


Hybrid glove / mitten

Mittens are made from several materials, including wool, leather and fur. From the late 18th century, knitting patterns were published which allowed đồ sộ inscribe poems on knitted mittens.[15]

Special types of mittens include:

A one-finger ski mitten, providing the warmth of a mitten, but offering more dexterity in gripping things.
A pair of one-finger ski mittens, providing the warmth of a mitten, but offering more dexterity in gripping things. The attached wristbands prevent loss when removing the mittens.

Hunter's mittens – In the 1930s, special woolen mittens were introduced that had a flap located in the palm of the mitten so sánh a hunter could have his finger miễn phí đồ sộ fire his weapon.[16]

Scratch mitts bởi not separate the thumb, and are designed đồ sộ prevent babies – who bởi not yet have fine motor control – from scratching their faces.[17] However, they are usually not recommended anymore as they can prevent the newborn's natural behaviour of sucking on its hand and gaining tactile experience.[18][19]

Corded mittens are two mittens connected by a length of yarn, string or lace, threaded through the sleeves of a coat. This arrangement is typically provided for small children đồ sộ prevent the mittens becoming discarded and lost; when removed, the mittens simply dangle from the string just beyond the cuff of the sleeve.[20][21]

In popular culture[edit]

The West and East Mitten Buttes, two rock formations in Monument Valley, Arizona, are popularly known as "The Mittens" because when viewed from the south, the buttes appear đồ sộ be two giant mittens with their thumbs facing inwards. The Lower Peninsula of Michigan is nicknamed "The Mitten" due đồ sộ its cartographic shape, and includes The Thumb.

The Mitten is a popular Ukrainian folktale that has been translated into other languages.

"Mittens" is a Christmas tuy vậy by Carly Rae Jepsen that reached number 26 on the Canadian Adult Contemporary chart in 2010.

During the inauguration of Joe Biden on trăng tròn January 2021, a photograph of Vermont senator and former presidential candidate Bernie Sanders was taken by Agence France-Presse photographer Brendan Smialowski, depicting a masked Sanders sitting on a folding chair wearing winter clothing, most noticeably a large, fluffy pair of mittens, which were made by Vermont elementary school teacher Jen Ellis. The photograph became a popular mạng internet meme.[22]

Domestic cats[edit]

A nursery rhyme "Three Little Kittens", attributed đồ sộ Mother Goose, narrates a woeful tale of childhood mitten loss through the fanciful title characters:

The three little kittens, they lost their mittens,
  And they began đồ sộ cry,
"Oh, mother dear, we sadly fear,
  That we have lost our mittens."
"What! Lost your mittens, you naughty kittens!
  Then you shall have no pie."[23]

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In the English-speaking world "Mittens" is a popular name for a cat[24] – whether because of the nursery rhyme, or because some cats' fur patterns create contrasting colours on their feet, creating the impression they are "wearing mittens".[25] In the 1907 children's book The Tale of Tom Kitten by Beatrix Potter, the title character has a sister named Mittens.

The 1959 Rodgers and Hammerstein tuy vậy "My Favorite Things", from the musical The Sound of Music, includes the lyrics: "Raindrops on roses and whiskers on kittens/Bright copper kettles and warm woolen mittens".

Mittens is a domestic cát in Wellington, New Zealand, who wanders the city's central business district and is fondly regarded by locals and tourists.

In the 2008 Disney animated film Bolt, Mittens (voiced by Susie Essman) is a feral cát who helps the title character, a white shepherd dog voiced by John Travolta, find his way trang chủ.


  • Norwegian cod fisherman using mittens (1955)

    Norwegian cod fisherman using mittens (1955)

  • Leather mittens with colored and embroidered caps, Western Europe (1600-1650)

    Leather mittens with colored and embroidered caps, Western Europe (1600-1650)

  • Men's seal fur mittens with sealskin palm and trim. East Greenland Inuit, Ammassalik distrikt, Tasiilak

    Men's seal fur mittens with sealskin palm and trim. East Greenland Inuit, Ammassalik distrikt, Tasiilak

  • Corded mittens reduce loss, childwear

    Corded mittens reduce loss, childwear

  • Oven mitt, protective wear

    Oven mitt, protective wear

  • Members of the Discovery Expedition wearing thick fur mittens (1902)

    Members of the Discovery Expedition wearing thick fur mittens (1902)

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  • Naskapi leather mittens

See also[edit]

  • Glove
  • Muff (handwarmer)


Wikimedia Commons has truyền thông related đồ sộ Mittens.

  1. ^ "Extreme Cold". Center for Disease control. Retrieved 21 September 2010.
  2. ^ "Safety Tips: Skiing (for Teens) – Nemours KidsHealth". Retrieved 4 November 2020.
  3. ^ Das, Subrata (2010). Performance of trang chủ Textiles. Woodhead Publishing India Pvt. Limited. ISBN 978-93-85059-81-0.
  4. ^ Hallmann, Aleksandra (23 June 2017). "Clothing (non-royal), Pharaonic Egypt". The Encyclopedia of Ancient History: 1–9. doi:10.1002/9781444338386.wbeah30017. ISBN 9781444338386.
  5. ^ Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of London. Second Series. Vol. V. London: Society of Antiquaries. 1873.
  6. ^ "NATO Summit 2006". 15 December 2006. Archived from the original on 21 December 2009.
  7. ^ "The Latvian Folk Dress". Latvian Institute. 1 December 2015. Retrieved 29 January 2021.
  8. ^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia: National Costume". Archived from the original on 21 November 2010.
  9. ^ Brandenburgh, Chrystel (January 2010). "Textile Production and Trade in Dorestad". Dorestad in an International Framework: New Research on Centres of Trade and Coinage in Carolingian Times: 83–88. doi:10.1484/M.STMH-EB.3.2453. ISBN 978-2-503-53401-5.
  10. ^ "Falconry Mitten". The Mary Rose. The Mary Rose Trust. Archived from the original on 16 October 2016. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  11. ^ "Pair of Elizabethan gauntlet mittens at Dunham Massey, NT 934939". National Trust. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  12. ^ "Mitten". Museum of London. Archived from the original on 11 March 2009.
  13. ^ "Native American Mittens & Gloves". NativeTech. Retrieved 16 March 2010.
  14. ^ "Viking Garment Construction". Retrieved 16 March 2010.
  15. ^ "Knitted Mittens". National Museum of American History. Retrieved 31 January 2021.
  16. ^ Magazines, Hearst (18 December 1930). Popular Mechanics. Hearst Magazines. p. 977. Retrieved 18 July 2019 – via Internet Archive.
  17. ^ Clegg, Lisa (6 February 2014). The Blissful Baby Expert. Ebury Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4735-0153-9.
  18. ^ Modell, Stephanie (14 May 2020). 100 Tips đồ sộ Help Your Baby Sleep: Practical Advice đồ sộ Establish Good Sleeping Habits. Summersdale Publishers Limited. ISBN 978-1-78783-789-8.
  19. ^ Fitz-Desorgher, Rachel (3 April 2017). Your Baby Skin đồ sộ Skin: Learn đồ sộ trust your baby's instincts in the first year. Hodder & Stoughton. ISBN 978-1-910336-32-8.
  20. ^ idiot mittens definition – Dictionary – MSN Encarta. Archived from the original on 12 March 2010. Retrieved 16 March 2010.
  21. ^ "idiot string". A Dictionary of Canadianisms on Historical Principles. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  22. ^ "Bernie Sanders' mittens, memes help raise $1.8M for charity". AP News. trăng tròn April 2021. Retrieved 26 August 2022.
  23. ^ ""The three little kittens, they lost their mittens"". Poetry Foundation. Retrieved 2 February 2021.
  24. ^ Room, Adrian (1993). The Naming of Animals: An Appellative Reference đồ sộ Domestic, Work, and Show Animals, Real and Fictional. McFarland. p. 21. ISBN 978-0-89950-795-8.
  25. ^ Stephens, Gloria (2001). Legacy of the Cat. Chronicle Books. ISBN 978-0-8118-2910-6.