workaholic là gì

From Wikipedia, the miễn phí encyclopedia

A workaholic is a person who works compulsively. A workaholic experiences an inability vĩ đại limit the amount of time they spend on work despite negative consequences such as damage vĩ đại their relationships or health.

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There is no generally accepted medical definition of this condition, although some forms of stress, impulse control disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder can be work-related; ergomania is defined as "excessive devotion vĩ đại work especially as a symptom of mental illness".[1][2]

The phenomenon of hustle culture, while disregarding healthy work–life balance, may exacerbate workaholism.[3][4]


The word itself is a portmanteau word composed of work and alcoholic. Its first known appearance, according vĩ đại the Oxford English Dictionary, came in Canada in the Toronto Daily Star of April 5, 1947, page 6, with a punning allusion vĩ đại Alcoholics Anonymous:

If you are cursed with an unconquerable craving for work, Điện thoại tư vấn Workaholics Synonymous, and a reformed worker will aid you back vĩ đại happy idleness.[5]

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The term workaholic refers vĩ đại various types of behavioral patterns, with each having its own valuation. For instance, workaholism is sometimes used by people wishing vĩ đại express their devotion vĩ đại one's career in positive terms. The "work" in question is usually associated with a paying job, but it may also refer vĩ đại independent pursuits such as sports, music, art, and science. However, the term is more often used vĩ đại refer vĩ đại a negative behavioral pattern that is popularly characterized by spending an excessive amount of time on working, an inner compulsion vĩ đại work hard and a neglect of family and other social relations.[6]

Researchers have found that in many cases, incessant work-related activity continues even after impacting the subject's relationships and physical health. Causes of it are thought vĩ đại be anxiety, low self-esteem, and intimacy problems. Furthermore, workaholics tend vĩ đại have an inability vĩ đại delegate work tasks vĩ đại others and tend vĩ đại obtain high scores on personality traits such as neuroticism, perfectionism, and conscientiousness.

Clinical psychologist Bryan E. Robinson identifies two axes for workaholics: work initiation and work completion. He associates the behavior of procrastination with both "Savoring Workaholics" (those with low work initiation/low work completion) and "Attention-Deficit Workaholics" (those with high work initiation and low work completion), in contrast vĩ đại "Bulimic" and "Relentless" workaholics – both of whom have high work completion.[7]

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Workaholism in nhật bản is considered a serious social problem leading vĩ đại early death, often on the job, a phenomenon dubbed karōshi. Overwork was popularly blamed for the fatal stroke of Prime Minister of nhật bản Keizō Obuchi, in the year 2000.[8] Death from overwork is not a uniquely Japanese phenomenon; in 2013, a Bank of America intern in London died after working for 72 hours straight.[9]

Workaholics tend vĩ đại be less effective than thở other workers because they have difficulty working as part of a team, trouble delegating or entrusting co-workers or organizational problems due vĩ đại taking on too much work at once.[10] Moreover, workaholics often suffer sleep deprivation, which results in impaired brain and cognitive function.[11]

The business risk that workaholism presents is an underestimated risk in companies and human resources management, which can develop into an existential threat vĩ đại a business.[12]

See also[edit]

  • Critique of work
  • Crunch (video games)
  • Downshifting (lifestyle)
  • Karoshi
  • Money-rich, time-poor
  • Occupational burnout
  • Power harassment
  • Presenteeism
  • Protestant work ethic
  • Slow movement (culture)
  • Work aversion
  • Work ethic
  • Workaholics Anonymous
  • Workplace stress


  1. ^ "Medical Definition of ERGOMANIA". Merriam-Webster Medical Dictionary. February 5, 2021. Retrieved February 5, 2021.
  2. ^ Van Houdenhove, Boudewijn; Neerinckx, Eddy (1999). "Is "Ergomania" a Predisposing Factor vĩ đại Chronic Pain and Fatigue?". Psychosomatics. 40 (6): 529–530. doi:10.1016/S0033-3182(99)71197-7. ISSN 0033-3182. PMID 10581987.
  3. ^ Griffith, Erin (January 26, 2019). "Why Are Young People Pretending vĩ đại Love Work?". The Thủ đô New York Times. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  4. ^ Da Costa, Celinne (April 28, 2019). "Stop Idolizing Hustle Culture And Do This Instead". Forbes. Retrieved July 14, 2019.
  5. ^ "workaholic, n. and adj." in Oxford English Dictionary Third Edition (September 2014)
  6. ^ Quinones, Cristina; Griffiths, Mark D. (October 2015). "Addiction vĩ đại Work: A Critical Review of the Workaholism Construct and Recommendations for Assessment". Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services. 53 (10): 48–59. doi:10.3928/02793695-20150923-04. ISSN 0279-3695. PMID 26489104.
  7. ^ Robinson, Bryan E. (2001). Chained vĩ đại the Desk: A Guidebook for Workaholics, Their Partners and Children, and the Clinicians Who Treat Them. New York: Thủ đô New York University Press. p. 62. ISBN 0-8147-7480-6.
  8. ^ Daniel Griffiths (April 4, 2000). "Japan's workaholic culture". Đài truyền hình BBC News Online. Retrieved October 12, 2007.
  9. ^ "Bank of America To Improve Working Conditions After Intern Death". HuffPost. 10 January 2014. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "The Hidden Costs of Workaholism". Fast Company. July 9, 2009. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2010.
  11. ^ "The Human Brain - Sleep and Stress". September 27, 2007. Archived from the original on January 7, 2013. Retrieved July 28, 2010.
  12. ^ Meissner, Ulrike Emma (2018). Business Risk Workaholism, Management challenges and action guidelines for professional practice. Berlin: Berlin Peter Lang. ISBN 978-3-631-76634-7.

External links[edit]

  • The Economics of Workaholism Archived 2006-09-20 at the Wayback Machine